Managing IBD patients with concomitant HIV infection—A systematic review


Purpose of review: Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a chronic GI inflammatory condition induced by a dysregulated immune system activation, whereas HIV infection causes depletion of the immune system, inducing immunosuppression. Given the increasing incidence of IBD across the globe, including in developing countries, the co-prevalence of both conditions is expected to increase. Herein, we systematically review the data describing disease course when both pathologies co-exist.

Recent findings: Overall, the co-prevalence of IBD and HIV is around 0.1 to 2%. While IBD does not seem to affect HIV course, the opposite is controversial, as some studies report milder IBD phenotype, with fewer disease relapses especially when CD4 + counts are lower than 200 cells/µL. Despite growing evidence to support the safety of the use of immunosuppressants and biologics in IBD-HIV infected patients, these classes of drugs are used in less than 50% of patients, as compared to non-HIV infected IBD patients. There is a need for more studies on disease course and safety of IBD medications in the setting of IBD.


Sousa H, Barroso J, Tavares R, Torres J




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Epidemiology
  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Co-morbidities
    • Other


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