Mental disorders in HIV/HCV coinfected patients under antiviral treatment for hepatitis C
This paper aims to review the epidemiology and management of mental disorders in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfected patients, the need for antiviral therapy in this specific population, and current treatment strategies for HIV/HCV patients with psychiatric and/or substance use disorders. This is a narrative review. Data was sourced from electronic databases and was not limited by language or date of publication. HIV infection has become a survivable chronic illness. Prevalence of HCV infection among HIV-infected patients is high ranging from 50% to 90%. Patients with psychiatric diseases have also an increased risk for HIV/HCV coinfection. The most effective strategy to decrease HCV-related morbidity and mortality in coinfection is to achieve viral eradication. Although psychiatric symptoms often appear during antiviral treatment and may be associated with the use of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha), recent evidence suggests that many patients with comorbid mental and substance use disorders can be treated safely. Recent data indicate that IFN-alpha-induced psychiatric side effects have a similar prevalence in HIV/HCV coinfected patients than in monoinfected patients and they can be managed and even prevented successfully with psychopharmacological strategies in the frame of a multidisciplinary team. New antivirals offer INF-free therapies for this specific population.
Martin-Subero M, Diez-Quevedo C.
- General HIV+ population
- Engagement and Care Cascade
- Mental Health
- Hepatitis B, C