Models of outpatient care for the ongoing care and treatment of people living with HIV


Key take-home messages
  • Integrated care programmes that incorporate outpatient care, social support, psychosocial interventions and case management provide the best care for people with HIV.
  • Accessible outpatient care can have positive effects on patient health outcomes and quality of life, reduce emergency department visits and hospitalizations, and improve antiretroviral adherence.
  • The San Francisco Model and the Vermont Model, both from the US, are integrated, multidisciplinary care models that have shown great success in improving service delivery and the health of people with HIV.
  • The literature also supports integrating mental health and addictions services with HIV medical care in the community.
  • HIV specialists and primary care physicians with specialized knowledge in HIV provide the best care for people with HIV.


The Ontario HIV Treatment Network: Rapid Response Service




  • Determinants of Health
    • Health services
  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Treatment
  • Health Systems
    • Delivery arrangements


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