Nutrition and HIV


Key take-home messages
  • Nutrition is an important component of care for people living with HIV.
  • Nutritional needs for people living with HIV can vary; therefore, dietary recommendations should be individualized to meet specific needs.
  • In general, asymptomatic people living with HIV appear to have greater energy requirements compared to the general population.
  • After symptomatic periods, it is critical that people living with HIV recover lost weight (6); it is suggested that energy requirements during recovery may be increased by 20-30%.
  • Treatment for dyslipidemia, a metabolic complication independently associated with HIV and antiretroviral therapy, includes dietary management.
  • Some systematic reviews and preliminary studies have identified probiotics as a dietary supplement that may have a positive impact on the health of people living with HIV.


The Ontario HIV Treatment Network: Rapid Response Service




  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Treatment


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