Pharmacological and behavioral interventions to mitigate premature aging in patients with HIV


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We sought to review pharmacological and behavioral interventions that have been publicly presented, published, or are currently ongoing to prevent or mitigate the effect of premature HIV-associated comorbidities. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple studies have been conducted in hopes of finding an effective intervention. While the choice of antiretroviral regimen influences recovery of immune function, several drugs used as adjunct treatments have proven effective to mitigate premature aging. Additionally, few behavioral interventions have exhibited some efficacy. Statins, angiotensin-receptor blockers, and anti-hyperglycemic agents as well as optimal adherence, exercise, and intermittent fasting among others have had beneficial impact on markers of immune activation and levels of inflammatory biomarkers. However, several investigations had inconclusive outcomes so further studies with larger sample sizes are warranted.


Rohani R, Malakismail J, Njoku E




  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Prevention, Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Engagement and Care Cascade
  • Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Treatment
  • Substance Use
    • Nonmedicinal drugs
  • Co-morbidities
    • Age related disorders
  • Health Systems
    • Delivery arrangements


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