Prevalence and incidence of stroke among people with HIV



We aimed to obtain more precise estimates of stroke to address the wide variation of stroke burden among people with HIV (PWH) in different clinical settings.


Systematic review and meta-analysis.


We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science for original articles reporting the prevalence and incidence of stroke among PWH up to November 23, 2022. Der Simonian-Laird random effects were used to obtain pooled estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).


We included 17 observational studies covering 1 749 003 PWH on estimation of prevalence, and 17 cohort studies covering 249 606 PWH on estimation of incidence. The pooled prevalence of stroke was 1.30% (95% CI: 1.01%, 1.59%) for PWH aged at least 15 years, and 3.98% (95% CI: 2.45%, 5.51%) for PWH aged at least 50 years. The pooled incidence of stroke was 17.86 per 10 000 person-years (95% CI: 15.96, 19.76), meanwhile, the pooled incidence of ischemic stroke (31.50 per 10 000 person-years; 95% CI: 11.11, 51.89) was higher than hemorrhagic stroke (4.43 per 10 000 person-years; 95% CI: 1.95, 6.91) among PWH aged at least 15 years.


The prevalence of stroke was nearly one per hundred among PWH aged ≥15 years, and reached four per hundred for those aged ≥50 years. The occurrence of stroke is common during HIV progression, particularly ischemic stroke. Therefore, more efforts should be made on implementing policies, strategies, and programs aimed at identifying the risk factors, improving treatment, and facilitating rehabilitation for stroke to reduce the disease burden among PWH.


Du M, Wang Y, Qin C, Mi D, Liu M, Liu J




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Epidemiology
  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Co-morbidities
    • Cardiovascular


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