Prevalence of oral lesions in patients with AIDS: A systematic review and meta-analysis


Background Oral lesions are considered to be early clinical signs which may predict the progression of patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Due to the lack of a comprehensive study that includes oral lesions in people with AIDS, the global prevalence of oral lesions in people with AIDS was estimated by combining preliminary studies’ results using meta-analysis.Material and methods Databases including PubMed, Science Direct and Scopus were searched using keywords as ‘HIV’, ‘AIDS’, ‘oral candidiasis’, ‘Kaposi Sarcoma’, ‘LinearGingival Erythema’ and OR operators, AND and NOT. After the elimination of duplicate documents, articles that met the inclusion criteria were selected. Quality assessment was performed based on the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. After combining the results of preliminary studies, an overall estimate of each lesion was reported. Ninety-five studies met the criteria for inclusion in this meta-analysis.Results The global prevalence of 21 oral lesions in HIV-infected patients was estimated. The overall prevalence of oral candidiasis, pseudomembranous candidiasis, oral hairy leukoplakia, Kaposi sarcoma and erythematous candidiasis was as follows: 35% (95% CI: 28–42), 19% (95% CI: 15–22), 12% (95% CI: 11–14), 5% (95% CI: 4–6) and 18% (95% CI: 14–22).Conclusion The present meta-analysis showed that oral lesions have a high prevalence in patients with AIDS. Dentists should consider that the clinical appearance of the oral cavity reflects the overall systemic health of the patient. As such, oral lesions may be linked to underlying immunosuppression caused by AIDS.


Moosazadeh M, Shafaroudi AM, Gorji NE, Barzegari S, Nasiri P




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Epidemiology
  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Co-morbidities
    • Other


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