Preventing HIV-1 infection in women using oral pre-exposure prophylaxis: A meta-analysis of current evidence
The World Health Organization has issued an early release revision to its antiretroviral guidelines in which PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis in the form of daily oral, fixed dose combination tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC)) is recommended as a prevention option to all people at substantial risk of acquiring HIV. However, lack of effectiveness in two major women-only PrEP trials, VOICE and FEM PrEP, continue to be a cause for concern about achieving effectiveness for women in Southern Africa. We conducted a series of meta-analyses of oral TDF/FTC effectiveness in women including all five randomized placebo-controlled trials that included women. An adherence-based meta-analysis model showed that with high levels of adherence (75%), oral PrEP is estimated to be effective (RR=0.39, 95% CI 0.25 to 0.60). Provided that these results apply to women in Southern Africa, future prevention trial designs in that region should account for potentially reduced HIV incidence when PrEP is available.
Hanscom B, Janes HE, Guarino PD, Huang Y, Brown ER, Chen YQ, Hammer SM, Gilbert PB, Donnell DJ
- Biomedical interventions