Reactivation rates of hepatitis B or C or HIV in patients with psoriasis using biological therapies: A systematic review and meta-analysis


Some biological therapiSome biological therapies for psoriasis can cause the reactivation of viral infections. Although recent studies suggest no increased rate of reactivation with biological therapies, some life-threatening cases have been reported. Therefore, this meta-analysis examined the rate of virus reactivation in patients with psoriasis with biological therapies and concurrent hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for available papers from inception to December 2021. The outcome was the number of patients with virus reactivation after using biological therapies. The random-effect model was used in all analyses. Fourteen reports (1033 patients) were included. The pooled overall rate of virus reactivation was 0.04 (95%CI 0.01-0.09; I2 = 67.7%, P < 0.001). The pooled rates of HBV, HCV, and HIV reactivation were 0.04 (95%CI 0.00-0.10; I2 = 79.9%, P < 0.001), 0.07 (95%CI 0.02-0.14; I2 = 23.7%, P = 0.24), and 0.12 (95%CI 0.00-0.40), respectively. The pooled rates of HBV and HCV reactivation were 0.10 (95%CI 0.03-0.19) and 0.08 (95%CI 0.03-0.15) in Asia, but 0.00 (95%CI 0.00-0.01) and 0.04 (95%CI 0.00-0.21) in Europe. The publication type also influenced the results. The use of biological therapy in patients with psoriasis and HBV, HCV, or HIV infection might be associated with the rate of viral reactivation, but this meta-analysis had limitations, and the evidence might be weak. Nevertheless, it might suggest that at least a consultation with an infection specialist might be warranted in patients with psoriasis in whom biological therapies are considered.


Li L, Jiang X, Fu L, Zhang L, Feng Y




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Epidemiology
  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Co-infections
    • Hepatitis B, C
    • Other


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