Safety considerations in the management of hepatitis C and HIV co-infection


INTRODUCTION: Both HCV and HIV are highly prevalent infections with current estimates of 57 and 38 million people infected worldwide, respectively. Oral antivirals can be curative for HCV and rescue HIV patients from disease progression. Dual therapy in coinfected patients requires expertise. AREAS COVERED: Four major issues challenge dual HCV and HIV treatment, including overlapping drug-related side effects, hepatitis B reactivation, immune reconstitution inflammatory syndromes (IRIS), and drug-drug interactions (DDI). A search was conducted in PubMed from January 2010 to March 2023. EXPERT OPINION: The advent of second-generation direct-acting antivirals (DDA) that depict higher antiviral potency, fewer side effects, pangenotypic activity and are co-formulated has expanded the indication of HCV therapy and particularly in HIV-coinfected individuals. Sequential initiation of antiretrovirals (ARV) followed by DAA is generally preferred to start dual treatment concomitantly. Close monitoring of rare episodes of HBV reactivation and IRIS is warranted. The most frequent DDI between DAA and ARV affect drug metabolism by CYP450 induction/inhibition, leading to abnormal drug exposures. Throughout this mechanism interact most HCV and HIV protease inhibitors and non-nucleoside polymerase inhibitors. Exposure to some HIV and HCV nucleos(t)ide analogues (e.g. tenofovir and sofosbuvir, respectively) is subject to induction/inhibition of drug transporters and requires special attention in patients with renal insufficiency.


Soriano V, Moreno-Torres V, TreviƱo A, Barreiro P, de Jesus F, Corral O, de Mendoza C




  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Prevention, Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Engagement and Care Cascade
  • Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Treatment
  • Co-infections
    • Hepatitis B, C


Abstract/Full paper

Email 1 selected articles

Email 1 selected articles

Error! The email wasn't sent. Please try again.

Your email has been sent!