Selection of cognitive impairment screening tools for longitudinal implementation in an HIV clinical care setting


To address and slow the increasing burden of cognitive impairment in people surviving to older ages with HIV requires longitudinal monitoring of cognition. We conducted a structured literature review to identify peer-reviewed studies employing validated cognitive impairment screening tools in adult populations of people with HIV. We identified three key criteria for selection and ranking of a tool: (a) strength of validity of the tool; (b) acceptability and feasibility of the tool; (c) ownership of the data from the assessment. From our structured review of 105, 29 studies met our inclusion criteria, within which 10 cognitive impairment screening measurement tools were validated in a population of people with HIV. The BRACE, NeuroScreen and NCAD tools were ranked highly when compared with the other seven tools. Additionally, patient population and clinical setting characteristics (such as availability of quiet space, timing of assessment, security of electronic resources, and ease of linkage to electronic health records) were included in our framework for selection of tools. Numerous validated cognitive impairment screening tools are available to monitor for cognitive changes in the HIV clinical care setting, detecting opportunities for earlier intervention to reduce cognitive decline and preserve quality of life.


Dantuluri ML, Rubin LH, Manabe YC, Moore RD, Althoff KN




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Determinants of Health
  • Determinants of Health
    • Health services
  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Mental Health
    • Neurocognitive disorders
  • Health Systems
    • Delivery arrangements


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