Self-management of HIV and diabetes in African American women: A systematic review of qualitative literature


Purpose The purpose of this systematic review of qualitative literature was (1) to identify self-management strategies, (2) to identify women’s barriers to self-management, and (3) to compare self-management strategies of diabetes and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). African American women living with HIV are at high risk for developing diabetes because of genetics, lifestyle, and HIV treatment. Self-management of each of these conditions is critical to decrease morbidity and mortality. Conclusions A literature search resulted in 15 articles: 10 on the topic of HIV and 5 on diabetes. Self-management strategies included spirituality, family and social support, and indulgent self-care. Barriers included depression, stigma, and the role of caregiver. The themes identified for HIV and diabetes self-care barriers and facilitators were exceptionally similar. Themes of spirituality, family support, and indulgent self-care were part of both HIV and diabetes self-care. Women with HIV were less concerned with their independence than women with diabetes, and focused on disclosure of their HIV status and development of a support system


Zuniga JA, Wright C, Fordyce J, West Ohueri C, Garcia AA




  • Determinants of Health
    • Social support
    • Stigma/discrimination
  • Population(s)
    • Women
    • General HIV+ population
  • Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Treatment
  • Mental Health
    • Depression
  • Co-morbidities
    • Other


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