Smoking cessation interventions in people with HIV/AIDS (Updated 2015)


Key take-home messages
  • Tobacco smoking is much more common among people living with HIV than in the general population.
  • While most medical providers offer some form of smoking cessation services, AIDS service organizations (ASOs) are less likely to do so.
  • The majority of people living with HIV express a desire to learn more about smoking and its impact on their HIV status and medication regimen.
  • There are a number of effective smoking cessation interventions. While counselling and medication are both effective as standalone interventions for treating tobacco dependence, they are more effective when used in combination.
  • Smoking cessation may be more difficult for people living with HIV because they are often also coping with mental health and substance use issues. As a result, less intensive interventions such as giving advice may not be enough. Some may benefit from more intensive interventions such as repeated counselling, nicotine replacement and psychiatric assistance.


The Ontario HIV Treatment Network: Rapid Response Service




  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Substance Use
    • Tobacco


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