The benefits of yoga for people living with HIV/AIDS: A systematic review and meta-analysis


BACKGROUND: People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) often experience psychological stress associated with disease management. This meta-analysis examines the benefits of yoga interventions on psychological distress among PLWHA. METHODS: Included were studies that (a) evaluated a yoga intervention in PLWHA; (b) provided between-group or within-group changes; and (c) assessed a psychological, physiological, or biomedical outcome. RESULTS: Seven studies sampling 396 PLWHA (M age=42 years, SD=5 years; 40% women) met inclusion criteria. PLWHA who received yoga interventions reported significant improvements in perceived stress (d+ = 0.80, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] = 0.53, 1.07), positive affect (d + = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.49, 0.98), and anxiety (d+ = 0.71, 95% CI = 0.27, 1.14) compared to controls. CONCLUSION: Yoga is a promising intervention for stress management. However, the literature is limited by the small number of studies. Randomized controlled trials with objective measures of HIV-related outcomes are needed to further evaluate the benefits of yoga


Dunne EM, Balletto BL, Donahue ML, Feulner MM, DeCosta J, Cruess DG, Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Wing RR, Carey MP, Scott-Sheldon LAJ




  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population


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