The effects of dietary intervention on HIV dyslipidaemia: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Background: Efficacy of dietary intervention for treatment and prevention of HIV-related lipid disturbances has not been well established. Methods: We conducted a systematic search of electronic databases supplemented with manual searches and conference abstracts, without language restriction. All randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with blood lipid outcomes, involving dietary intervention or supplementation for the treatment or prevention of adult HIV dyslipidaemia, versus no or other intervention were included. Two authors using predefined data fields, including study quality indicators, extracted data independently. Results: Eighteen studies (n = 873) met our inclusion criteria. Seven RCTs for omega-3 supplementation (n = 372), and four RCTs for dietary intervention (n = 201) were meta-analysed using random-effects models. Mild statistical heterogeneity was observed. Dietary intervention reduced triglyceride levels by -046 mmol/l (95%CI: -085 to -007 mmol/l) compared to control. Omega-3 supplementation reduced triglyceride levels by -1.12 mmol/l, (95%CI: -157 to -067 mmol/l) and total cholesterol, -036 mmol/l (95%CI: -067 to -005 mmol/l) compared to placebo/control. Conclusions: Both omega-3 supplementation and dietary intervention reduced triglyceride level, with the latter possibly to a smaller extent. While dietary interventions are beneficial, more stringent dietary approaches may be necessary to fully address lipid disturbances in HIV patients.
Stradling C, Chen YF, Russell T, Connock M, Thomas GN, Taheri S.
- General HIV+ population