The global and regional prevalence, burden, and risk factors for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization in HIV-infected people: A systematic review and meta-analysis


BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is among the most important opportunistic pathogens in HIV+ patients, resulting in considerable morbidity and mortality. METHODS: The MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and EMBASE databases were comprehensively searched for studies that investigated the prevalence of MRSA colonization in HIV+ patients. We used a random effects model to calculate pooled prevalence estimates with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and analyzed data based on World Health Organization regions. RESULTS: Among 9,772 records identified, 69 were included in the meta-analysis, comprising 30,050 HIV+ patients from 21 countries. We estimated the pooled worldwide prevalence of MRSA in people living with HIV to be 7% (95% CI 5%-9%, 1,623/30,050), with the highest prevalence in Southeast Asia (16%, 95% CI 9%-24%) and the region of the Americas (10%; 95% CI 7%-13%) and lowest prevalence in the European region (1%; 95% CI 0%-1%). Globally, we estimated approximately 2,659,000 (95% CI 1,835,000-3,303,000) HIV+ patients with colonized MRSA. Potential risk factors for MRSA colonization in HIV+ patients included previous MRSA infection (OR, 7.5; 95% CI, 3.91-14.37), hospitalization in the past year (OR, 1.87; 95% CI 1.11-3.16), and use of antibiotics (OR, 2.52; 95% CI 1.39-4.58). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings emphasize the importance of routine screening for MRSA among all HIV+ patients throughout the world, especially in regions that have a high burden of disease


Sabbagh P, Riahi SM, Gamble HR, Rostami A




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Epidemiology
  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Co-infections
    • Other


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