The impact of social determinants of health on outcomes among individuals with HIV and heart failure: A literature review


This narrative review examines the complex interplay between social determinants of health (SDoH) and the outcomes for individuals living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and heart failure (HF), two conditions that pose significant socioeconomic burdens globally. With millions affected by these conditions, the review delves into how socioeconomic status, education, geography, and immigration status influence health outcomes. It further explores the exacerbating roles of stigma and mental health issues, underscoring the need for comprehensive interventions and the importance of enhancing health literacy and community support. Key findings suggest that lower socioeconomic status, limited education, rural residency, and immigrant status are associated with poorer health outcomes in individuals with HIV and HF. These factors contribute to increased morbidity and mortality and decreased quality of life, highlighting the necessity of addressing SDoH to improve patient care and outcomes. There is a critical need for integrated care models that consider the medical, social, and psychological factors affecting those with HIV and HF. Strategies proposed include improving access to care, addressing socioeconomic disparities, enhancing educational efforts, and fostering community engagement. Moreover, the importance of mental healthcare integration into the management of HIV and HF is strongly advocated to improve patient outcomes. By taking a comprehensive look at the various social challenges, embracing integrated care models, and making sure everyone has fair access to healthcare services, we can make real progress in enhancing the lives of those affected by HIV and HF. This approach cannot only lower death rates but also significantly improve the quality of life for these individuals.


Borkowski P, Borkowska N




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Determinants of Health
  • Determinants of Health
    • Income
    • Education
    • Social support
    • Health services
    • Stigma/discrimination
  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Co-morbidities
    • Cardiovascular


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