The LAIs are coming! implementation science considerations for long-acting injectable antiretroviral therapy in the United States: A scoping review


Long-acting injectable antiretroviral therapy (LAI-ART) is one of the latest advancements in HIV control with the potential to overcome oral ART barriers to adherence. The objective of this article is to anticipate and examine implementation considerations for LAI-ART using components of the PRISM model, a Practical, Robust Implementation and Sustainability Model for integrating research findings into practice. We conducted a scoping review from January to August 2020 of the growing literature on LAI-ART implementation and other fields using LAI therapies. Key considerations regarding LAI-ART were parsed from the searches and entered into the PRISM implementation science framework. The PRISM framework posed multiple questions for consideration in the development of an optimal implementation strategy for LAI-ART in the United States. These questions revealed the necessity for more data, including acceptability of LAI-ART among many different subgroups of people living with HIV (PLWH), cost effectiveness, patient satisfaction, and patient-reported outcomes, as well as more detailed information related to the external environment for optimal LAI-ART implementation. Ethical considerations of LAI-ART will also need to be considered. The anticipation of, and excitement for, LAI-ART represent the hope for a new direction for HIV treatment that reduces adherence barriers and improves prognoses for PLWH. We have a unique window of opportunity to anticipate implementation considerations for LAI-ART, so this new therapy can be used to its fullest potential. Outstanding questions remain, however, that need to be addressed to help achieve HIV suppression goals in diverse populations.


Kanazawa JT, Saberi P, Sauceda JA, Dube K




  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Treatment
  • Prevention
    • Biomedical interventions


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