The prognosis of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in HIV/AIDS patients undergoing highly active antiretroviral treatment: A systematic review


Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), a viral infection of the central nervous system (CNS), is most commonly associated with advanced HIV infection. Although the severe neurological conditions—PML and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (PML-IRIS)—are linked to HIV, little is known about their characteristics in the era of established antiretroviral therapy (ART). The aim of this systematic review, which was performed by adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) 2020 guidelines, was to determine the prognosis of PML in patients with HIV. We gathered and examined articles, including case-control and cohort studies, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses that were published between January 1, 2013, and May 2023. These articles were compiled from the following databases: Pubmed, Pubmed Central, Google Scholar, Wiley Library, and ScienceDirect. A total of 519 records were found from these databases for our systematic review after applying the proper filters. They were then further screened and put through quality appraisal tools, which ultimately led to the selection of 10 articles for the final analysis. This research offers crucial insights into the clinical consequences of PML in HIV patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).


Aye SL, Trivedi Y, Bolgarina Z, Desai HN, Senaratne M, Swami SS, Mohammed L




  • Population(s)
    • General HIV+ population
  • Prevention, Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Engagement and Care Cascade
  • Engagement and Care Cascade
    • Treatment
  • Mental Health
    • Neurocognitive disorders


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