The risk of HIV among women after acquiring a sexually transmitted infection (STI) and considerations for their use of PrEP
Key take-home messages
- A recent study in the U.S. found that most women who were diagnosed with HIV did not have a reported STI in the past. Another U.S. study found that women with an STI represented a small fraction of women who acquired HIV.
- Nevertheless, guidelines in high-income countries have recommendations for the use of PrEP among women, some of which refer to a recent bacterial STI as an indicator for PrEP.
- There are no clinical trials on the use of PrEP among heterosexual populations in high-income countries and more research is needed in order to estimate accurate HIV risks for various populations, behaviours, and types of STIs.
The Ontario HIV Treatment Network: Rapid Response Service
- Biomedical interventions