The risk of HIV among women after acquiring a sexually transmitted infection (STI) and considerations for their use of PrEP


Key take-home messages
  • A recent study in the U.S. found that most women who were diagnosed with HIV did not have a reported STI in the past. Another U.S. study found that women with an STI represented a small fraction of women who acquired HIV.
  • Nevertheless, guidelines in high-income countries have recommendations for the use of PrEP among women, some of which refer to a recent bacterial STI as an indicator for PrEP.
  • There are no clinical trials on the use of PrEP among heterosexual populations in high-income countries and more research is needed in order to estimate accurate HIV risks for various populations, behaviours, and types of STIs.


The Ontario HIV Treatment Network: Rapid Response Service




  • Population(s)
    • Women
  • Prevention
    • Biomedical interventions
  • Co-infections
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • Syphilis
    • Other


Abstract/Full paper

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