Treatment options for vulvovaginal candidiasis: 1993


Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), the second most common form of vaginitis, particularly affects women of childbearing age. Since the 1970s, several new agents have become available for the treatment of VVC. This review focuses on options for the treatment of this condition, critically evaluating the relevant published studies. For the treatment of acute episodes of VVC in nonpregnant women, several topical and oral antifungal agents are clinically and mycologically effective. Topical agents should be considered the first line of therapy; however, oral agents are sometimes associated with better compliance among patients. For acute episodes in pregnant women, a topical agent is the treatment of choice. Until data become available on the treatment of VVC in women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the same approach as that used for women without HIV infection should be considered as previously written. For recurrent VVC, the optimal maintenance therapy has not yet been established; however, administration of low-dose oral ketoconazole (100 mg/d) has proven effective. Well-designed studies of the best therapy for VVC in women with HIV infection and for recurrent VVC are urgently needed.


Reef SE, Levine WC, McNeil MM, Fisher-Hoch S, Holmberg SD, Duerr A, Smith D, Sobel JD, Pinner RW.




  • Population(s)
    • Women
  • Co-infections
    • Other


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