Understanding women’s knowledge, awareness, and perceptions of STIs/STDs in Asia: A scoping review


OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to conduct a scoping review to collect current literature on the knowledge, awareness, and perception (KAP) of sexually transmitted infections/diseases (STIs/STDs) among women in Asia. METHODOLOGY: The PRISMA-Scoping methodology was used in this study to extract papers from four databases published between 2018 and 2022. Sixty-eight articles were included after screening and elimination. RESULTS: The studies on KAP of STIs/STDs among women were largely undertaken in Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Vietnam) and South Asia (India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh). Regardless of the specific cohort of women studied, research indicates consistently low levels of knowledge and awareness across Asia. This trend seems to be more prevalent among female commercial sex workers, women with lower educational levels, and those in poorer socioeconomic positions. In South Asia, cultural, sociological, economic, and gender inequalities, particularly male domination, all have a significant impact on KAP levels. CONCLUSION: As education is a major factor that influences health behaviour, this review underscores the need to allocate more resources to educational initiatives, particularly targeting vulnerable groups such as sex workers, transgender women, pregnant women, and rural housewives. This strategic focus may contribute significantly to preventing STIs/STDs, particularly in less developed regions/countries.


Kaur W, Balakrishnan V, Zhi Wei IN, Chen AYY, Ni Z




  • Epidemiology and Determinants of Health
    • Determinants of Health
  • Determinants of Health
    • Education
  • Population(s)
    • Women
    • General HIV- population
  • Co-infections
    • Hepatitis B, C
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea


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