Using the meaningful involvement of people living with HIV/AIDS (MIPA) framework to assess the engagement of sexual minority men of color in the US HIV response: A literature review


Black and Latino sexual minority men (SMM) continue to be disproportionately impacted by HIV. We utilized eight components of the Meaningful Involvement of People Living with HIV/AIDS (MIPA) framework to assess the engagement of Black and Latino SMM. Thirty-six (36) studies were included in the literature review. Forty-two percent of studies were Black SMM-specific, followed by Latino SMM-specific (31%) studies. Twenty-eight percent of studies were conducted among both groups. Most studies (72%) were intervention-related and focused on HIV prevention. The top five most common methods of community engagement were focus groups (39%), followed by interviews (36%), community-based participatory research (14%), the utilization of community advisory boards or peer mentorship (11%), and the establishment of multi-stakeholder coalitions, observations, or surveys (8%). We documented at least 7 MIPA components in 47% of the included studies. Community-based participatory research was more commonly utilized to engage Latino SMM. Researchers were more likely to initiate the engagement across all included studies. Few studies documented how Black and Latino SMM perceived the engagement. Engagement responsiveness was a well-documented MIPA component. In terms of engagement power dynamics, there were several examples of power imbalances, especially among Black SMM-specific studies. The inclusion of Black and Latino SMM had robust impacts on HIV research and interventions. There were limited examples of engagement capacity and maintenance. This is one of the first studies focused on utilizing MIPA to document the engagement of SMM of color. MIPA served as a useful framework for understanding the engagement of SMM of color in the US HIV response. The engagement of SMM of color is critical to reducing health inequities.


Coleman JL, Jones M, Washington D, Almirol E, Forberg P, Dyer TV, Spieldenner A, Martinez O, Rodriguez-Diaz CE, Parker SD, Schneider JA, Brewer R




  • Population(s)
    • Ethnoracial communities
    • General HIV+ population
  • Health Systems
    • Delivery arrangements


Abstract/Full paper

Email 1 selected articles

Email 1 selected articles

Error! The email wasn't sent. Please try again.

Your email has been sent!