Category Archives: Age related disorders

A systematic review of sarcopenia prevalence and associated factors in people living with human immunodeficiency virus


People living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH) appear to be at an increased risk of sarcopenia, which can have a devastating effect on their life due to consequences such...

Sarcopenia in persons living with HIV under antiretroviral therapy: Literature review


The epidemiological profile of people living with HIV (PLWH) has expressively changed since the introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART), from a high mortality rate to a profile similar to those...

Markers of ovarian reserve in women living with HIV: A systematic review


Background: Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels indicate ovarian reserve and are predictive of reproductive aging. Studies evaluating AMH levels in women with HIV have produced conflicting results, and reasons for inter-study differences...

Trends and clinical characteristics of HIV and caerebrovascular disease in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) Between 1990 and 2021


PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: To describe trends and clinical characteristics of HIV and cerebrovascular disease between 1990 and 2021 in LMICs and identify the gaps in our understanding. RECENT FINDINGS:...

Prevalence of frailty and prefrailty in people with human immunodeficiency virus aged 50 or older: A systematic review and meta-analysis


Background: With effective antiretroviral therapy, there is an emerging population of adults aged 50 years or older with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Frailty is an increasingly recognized clinical state of vulnerability...

Comorbidities in women living with HIV: A systematic review


Objectives: Effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) has improved the life expectancy of women living with HIV (WLWH). This population is now experiencing age-related comorbidities. This systematic review presents the current understanding of...

Sex differences in non-AIDS comorbidities among people with human immunodeficiency virus


Women are grossly underrepresented in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) clinical and translational research. This is concerning given that people with HIV (PWH) are living longer, and thus accumulating aging-related non-AIDS...

Frailty in people living with HIV: An update


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The HIV population is ageing with rising rates of frailty though strategies of how best to manage it remain ill-defined. It also remains unclear what the prevalence...

The OATH syndemic: Opioids and other substances, aging, alcohol, tobacco, and HIV


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Persons living with HIV (PLWH) are aging, continue to use alcohol and other substances, and experience age-associated adverse effects. We explore a new syndemic: OATH (opioids and...

Frailty: The current challenge for aging people with HIV


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Older adults account for the majority of people with HIV (PWH) in high-income countries and have increasingly complex clinical profiles related to premature aging. Frailty is an...

Current co-morbidities burden in patients living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review aims to decipher common co-morbidities faced by people living with HIV in low- to middle-income countries, and in particular the sub-Saharan region, which hosts...

The intersection of cognitive ability and HIV: A review of the state of the nursing science


Neurocognitive problems have been endemic to the HIV epidemic since its beginning. Four decades later, these problems persist, but currently, they are attributed to HIV-induced inflammation, the long-term effects of...

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