Category Archives: Indigenous communities

The prevalence of HIV infection in minority Indigenous populations of the South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions: A systematic review and meta-analysis


A random effects meta-analysis was used to estimate the pooled prevalence of HIV infection within minority indigenous populations of the South-East Asia (SEAR) and Western Pacific Regions (WPR). Sub-group analyses...

Overview of systematic reviews on strategies to improve treatment initiation, adherence to antiretroviral therapy and retention in care for people living with HIV: Part 1


OBJECTIVES: We sought to map the evidence and identify interventions that increase initiation of antiretroviral therapy, adherence to antiretroviral therapy and retention in care for people living with HIV at...

Prevalence of HIV among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians: a systematic review and meta-analysis


Background Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders (Aboriginal) are Australia’s first peoples. Between 2006 and 2015, HIV notifications increased among Aboriginal people; however, among non-Aboriginal people, notifications remained relatively stable. This...

Unmet needs of Indigenous peoples living with HIV


Key take-home messages In 2016, First Nations, M├ętis, and Inuit peoples accounted for 4.9% of the Canadian population but represented 11.3% of all new HIV infections. When considering Indigenous health,...

HIV, syphilis, and viral hepatitis among Latin American indigenous peoples and Afro-descendants: A systematic review


Objective: To identify and summarize existing literature on the burden of HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and viral hepatitis (VH) in indigenous peoples and Afro-descendants in Latin America to provide...

A cross-jurisdictional review of HIV testing intervals for population groups at high risk of HIV infection


Key take-home messages Most guidelines recommend at least annual HIV testing of population groups at high risk of HIV infection. These include: men who have sex with men, transgender women...

Experiences of the HIV cascade of care among indigenous peoples: A systematic review


Indigenous leaders remain concerned that systemic oppression and culturally unsafe care impede Indigenous peoples living with HIV from accessing health services that make up the HIV cascade of care. We...

Engaging law enforcement in harm reduction programs for people who inject drugs


Key take-home messages Injection drug use is a major contributor to the spread of HIV and Hepatitis C in Canada. Laws and policing practices that govern injection drug use influence...

Impact of housing status and supportive housing on the health of aboriginal people


Key take-home messages Aboriginal communities in Canada and Australia experience much higher rates of inadequate and vulnerable housing, which can include lack of working health hardware (i.e. working toilet, waste...

HIV and STI testing among Indigenous women and women who inject drugs


Key take-home messages Rates of HIV and other sexually transmitted and bloodborne infections are high among Indigenous women and women who inject drugs. For women who use drugs, centres that...

HIV-related stigma in relation to health care professionals in Canada


Key take-home messages There was relatively little literature on the experience of stigma in Canadian health care settings or on the attitudes of Canadian health professionals. In three Canadian studies,...

Mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Australia and other high-income countries: Trends in perinatal exposure, demography and uptake of prevention strategies


Virtual elimination of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a global target. A review of the literature was conducted using medical databases and health department websites to...

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