Category Archives: Financial arrangements

How care is paid for

The cost-effectiveness of Dolutegravir in combination with Tenofovir and Lamivudine for HIV therapy: A systematic review

2024

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends dolutegravir (DTG), a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) medicine, as the first- and second-line treatment for all populations because, when compared to an efavirenz (EFV)...

Overcoming structural barriers to diffusion of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis

2023

HIV prevention with antiretroviral medication in the form of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) offers a critical tool to halt the HIV pandemic. Barriers to PrEP access across drug types, formulations, and...

How much does HIV self-testing cost in low and middle income countries? A systematic review of evidence from economic studies

2023

OBJECTIVES: HIV self-testing (HIVST) has been proposed as an innovative strategy to diagnose human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). While HIVST offers the potential to broaden accessibility of early HIV diagnosis and...

Human immunodeficiency virus care and management in incarcerated populations in Sub-Saharan Africa between 2010 and 2022: A narrative review

2023

BACKGROUND: Different countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have established guidelines to reduce HIV transmission and improve its management in prisons. This narrative review aimed to examine established literature on HIV...

Effects of economic interventions on pediatric and adolescent HIV care outcomes: A systematic review

2023

Economic insecurity and poverty present major barriers to HIV care for young people. We conducted a systematic review of the current evidence for the effect of economic interventions on HIV...

Cost-effectiveness of point-of-care versus centralised, laboratory-based nucleic acid testing for diagnosis of HIV in infants: A systematic review of modelling studies

2023

BACKGROUND: Point-of-care (POC) nucleic acid testing for diagnosis of HIV in infants facilitates earlier initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) than with centralised (standard-of-care, SOC) testing, but can be more expensive....

Counselling behavioural interventions for HIV, STI and viral hepatitis among key populations: A systematic review of effectiveness, values and preferences, and cost studies

2023

INTRODUCTION: Key populations (sex workers, men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, people in prisons and other closed settings, and trans and gender diverse individuals) are disproportionately...

The effects of cash transfer programmes on HIV/AIDS prevention and care outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention studies

2023

Background: Poverty and social inequality are risk factors for poor health outcomes in patients with HIV/AIDS. In addition to eligibility, cash transfer programmes can be divided into two categories: those with...

Implementation and resource needs for long-acting PrEP in low- and middle-income countries: A scoping review

2023

INTRODUCTION: Several low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are preparing to introduce long-acting pre-exposure prophylaxis (LAP). Amid multiple pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) options and constrained funding, decision-makers could benefit from systematic implementation...

Cost-effectiveness of anti-retroviral adherence interventions for people living with HIV: A systematic review of decision analytical models

2023

BACKGROUND: Although safe and effective anti-retrovirals (ARVs) are readily available, non-adherence to ARVs is highly prevalent among people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (PLWHA). Different adherence-improving interventions have...

Modelling methods of economic evaluations of HIV testing strategies in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review

2023

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Economic evaluations, a decision-support tool for policy makers, will be crucial in planning and tailoring HIV prevention and treatment strategies especially in the wake of stalled and...

Use of stated preference methods in HIV treatment and prevention research in the United States: A systematic review

2023

Stated preference (SP) methods are increasingly being applied to HIV-related research and continuously provide researchers with health utility scores of select healthcare products or services that populations consider important. Following...

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