Category Archives: Cardiovascular

Statins for primary cardiovascular disease prevention among people with HIV: Emergent directions

2022

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While people with HIV (PWH) are living longer due to advances in antiretroviral therapy, recent data have demonstrated an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among this...

Factors influencing treatment adherence in hypertension and HIV management in South Africa: A comparative literature review

2022

BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is the most significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in South Africa (SA), with one in three people over the age of 25 suffering from HTN....

Multimorbidity of communicable and non-communicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

2022

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review is to analyse existing evidence on prevalence, patterns, determinants, and healthcare challenges of communicable and non-communicable disease multimorbidity in low- and middle-income countries...

Association of HIV infection with cardiovascular pathology based on advanced cardiovascular imaging: A systematic review

2022

Importance: HIV-associated cardiovascular disease is increasing in prevalence, but its mechanisms remain poorly understood. Objective: To systematically review data from advanced cardiovascular imaging studies evaluating computed tomographic coronary angiography, positron emission tomography...

A Systematic review exploring the effect of human immunodeficiency virus on cardiac diseases

2022

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) primarily affects the immune systems, which, if progressed, will lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Currently, there is no effective cure for the disease, and patients...

Incidence and risk factors of atrial fibrillation and atrial arrhythmias in people living with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis

2022

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases in people living with HIV (PLWH) are becoming increasingly relevant as HIV/AIDS has become more treatable with the advent of highly efficacious antiretroviral therapy. Previous studies suggested...

Systematic review of spontaneous reports of myocarditis and pericarditis in transplant recipients and immunocompromised patients following COVID-19 mRNA vaccination

2022

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether spontaneous reporting rates of myocarditis and pericarditis differed in immunocompromised patients compared with the whole population overall, and in terms of demographics, vaccine dose and time-to-onset....

HIV infection and risk of heart failure: A meta-analysis and systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is commonly seen in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We aimed to evaluate the potential correlations of HIV infection and risk of HF, to...

Pulmonary arterial hypertension in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus

2022

It is important to recognize and treat human immunodeficiency virus-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (HIV-PAH) because of the associated morbidity and mortality. With the introduction of antiretroviral therapies (ART), improved survival...

Examining depression as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in people with HIV: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: People with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) not fully accounted for by traditional or HIV-specific risk factors. Successful management of HIV does...

Integrating care for diabetes and hypertension with HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review

2022

INTRODUCTION: Although HIV continues to have a high prevalence among adults in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) such as diabetes and hypertension is increasing rapidly. There...

Influence of statin therapy on the incidence of cardiovascular events, cancer, and all-cause mortality in people living with HIV: A meta-analysis

2021

Background: Possible influences of statin therapy on the risk of cardiovascular events, cancer, and all-cause mortality in people living with HIV (PLWH) remain unclear. We performed a meta-analysis to systematically evaluate...

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