Category Archives: Cardiovascular

Examining depression as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in people with HIV: A systematic review

2022

BACKGROUND: People with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) not fully accounted for by traditional or HIV-specific risk factors. Successful management of HIV does...

Integrating care for diabetes and hypertension with HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review

2022

INTRODUCTION: Although HIV continues to have a high prevalence among adults in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) such as diabetes and hypertension is increasing rapidly. There...

Influence of statin therapy on the incidence of cardiovascular events, cancer, and all-cause mortality in people living with HIV: A meta-analysis

2021

Background: Possible influences of statin therapy on the risk of cardiovascular events, cancer, and all-cause mortality in people living with HIV (PLWH) remain unclear. We performed a meta-analysis to systematically evaluate...

The likelihood of severe COVID-19 outcomes among PLHIV with various comorbidities: A comparative frequentist and Bayesian meta-analysis approach

2021

INTRODUCTION: The SARS-CoV-2 virus can currently pose a serious health threat and can lead to severe COVID-19 outcomes, especially for populations suffering from comorbidities. Currently, the data available on the...

Sex differences in non-AIDS comorbidities among people with human immunodeficiency virus

2021

Women are grossly underrepresented in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) clinical and translational research. This is concerning given that people with HIV (PWH) are living longer, and thus accumulating aging-related non-AIDS...

Risk factors for COVID-19 mortality among people living with HIV: A scoping review

2022

People living with HIV (PLWH) are particularly vulnerable to worsened outcomes of COVID-19. Therefore, the purpose of this work was to provide a scoping review of the literature to assess...

Current co-morbidities burden in patients living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries

2021

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review aims to decipher common co-morbidities faced by people living with HIV in low- to middle-income countries, and in particular the sub-Saharan region, which hosts...

A review of chronic comorbidities in adults living with HIV: State of the science

2021

People living with HIV are living longer, high-quality lives; however, as they age, this population is at increased risk for developing chronic comorbidities, including cardiovascular disease, certain types of cancer...

The intersection of cognitive ability and HIV: A review of the state of the nursing science

2021

Neurocognitive problems have been endemic to the HIV epidemic since its beginning. Four decades later, these problems persist, but currently, they are attributed to HIV-induced inflammation, the long-term effects of...

Mechanisms and primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease among people living with HIV

2021

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To highlight mechanisms of elevated risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) among people living with HIV (PLWH), discuss therapeutic strategies, and opportunities for primary prevention. RECENT FINDINGS:...

A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies evaluating the effect of medication treatment for opioid use disorder on infectious disease outcomes

2021

The opioid epidemic has fueled infectious disease epidemics. We determined the impact of medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) on treatment outcomes of opioid use disorder (OUD)-associated infectious diseases: antiretroviral...

The manifesto of pharmacoenosis: Merging HIV pharmacology into pathocoenosis and syndemics in developing countries

2021

Pathocoenosis and syndemics theories have emerged in the last decades meeting the frequent need of better understanding interconnections and reciprocal influences that coexistent communicable and non-communicable diseases play in a...

Email 1 selected articles

Email 1 selected articles

Error! The email wasn't sent. Please try again.

Your email has been sent!